Over 260 young people have gathered in Badajoz, Spain to take part in this year's week-long Internacia Junulara Kongreso International Youth Esperanto Congress.
The IJK is normally timed to occur close to the Universala Kongreso World Esperanto Congress, usually in a nearby country to make it easier for people to attend both events. The UK this year (28 August - 4 July) in Portugal was followed by the IJK (4-11 August) in Spain:
This year marks the 80th anniversary of the IJK. The first was held in the Dutch village of Groet in 1938 and attended by around 300 Esperanto speakers from 10 countries. A film of the event was prepared by H J Schut, the first half of which is still in existence:
The Second World War understandably caused considerable disruption. Since the first post-war IJK in 1947, the event has taken place every year, with the record attendance occurring in Krakow in 1987, when 1034 young people celebrated Esperanto's centenary.
Customarily the IJK has been held in Europe. It wasn't until 1965 that it headed outside the continent, when Tokyo hosted the 21st. Since then the event has become much more international, with Canada, Cuba, Brazil, Vietnam and China among the hosts. 2017 marked a watershed when the IJK took place in Africa, with the 75th Internacia Junulara Kongreso was held in Aneho in Togo: